Rare Species in Bandhavgarh

Location: Bandhavgarh

Rare Species in Bandhavgarh

Description

Rare Species in Bandhavgarh

Bandhavgarh lies on the extreme north-eastern border at Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh in Central India. This vibrant and luxuriant jungle of the tiger reserve is composed of Trophical Moist deciduous forest, North Indian Moist deciduous forest, Moist Peninsular low level Salna and West Gangetic Moist Mixed Decuduous Forest. In this jungle, Sal is the dominant floral species. This forest area is an treasure house of invaluable wild fauna as it is popular for its high tiger density. In past many white tigers were spotted in this forest thus it is also referred as a country of White tigers. Altogether 644 species are documented of which, 341 are vertebrates and 303 are invertebrates.

S. No.

Name of Group

Number of Species

1

Acari

8

2

Orthoptera

27

3

Mantodea

3

4

Odonata

32

5

Hemiptera (Aquatic & Semiaquatic)

8

6

Neuroptera

4

7

Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera)

102

8

Lepidoptera (Heterocera)

60

9

Coleoptera (Scarabaeidae)

53

10

Diptera (Cecidomyiidae)

6

11

Pisces

17

12

Amphibia (Appendix)

9

13

Reptilia

21

14

Aves

252

15

Mammalia

42

 

TOTAL

644

Four-horned  Antelope : They belongs to Bovidae family and commonly referred as Chousingha. Four-horned Antelope  stand just over half a metre tall at the shoulder and weigh around 20  kilograms. Four-horned Antelope have a yellow-brown coat with the underside and  insides of the legs being white. Its legs are thin and have a black stripe  running down the forelegs. Male Four-horned Antelope grow horns. Usually the  animal has four; two between the ears and the second pair right on the front of  the forehead. The male grows the first pair of horns at a young age of a few  months and the second pair of horns indicates age and nutrition inputs to the  animal and generally grow at an age of 14 to 15 months. The horns are never  shed, but may get damaged during fights. They are commonly seen near waterholes or marshy lands. We can find them easily in Tala zone, Panpatha zone & Khitauli zones areas.

Common Leopard: It belongs to the family of Felidae. It is counted among most adaptable big cat in Indian Subcontinent thus they are spread over large area. Here in Bandhavgarh, we can find Leopard in almost all parts of jungle and even outside the jungle area, at a radius of 50 to 70kms. The  species' success in the wild owes in part to its opportunistic hunting  behavior, its adaptability to habitats, and its ability to move at up to  approximately 58 kilometers per hour (36 mph) The leopard consumes  virtually any animal it can hunt down and catch. Its preferred habitat ranges  from rainforest to desert terrains. The Leopardpug marks  are smaller than the tiger’s though similar. They might be confused with those  of the tiger cubs’ but the tiger cubs pug marks of similar size usually have  those of the mother’s around as well. It is a nocturnal animal species thus they are more active in night hours and often seen crossing roads or nearby local villages. Their photography is also not so easy.

Sloth Bear: They belongs to family of Ursidae. Their average body weight is 60kg for males and 80 kg for females. it may be seen with young ones over its back especially during late winters. It prefers to come out in the late evening and night. This animal has a very strong sense of smell. They can even smell from many kilometers. Although sight and hearing are poor. Sloth Bear is a nocturnal animal thus found more active after sunset. They are easily visible in Khitauli and Panpatha zones of Bandhavgarh. They uses their long claws to tear up termite mounds and sucks up termites and ants through the gap in its dentition. They can also be seen in adjoining fieds of local villagers, under Mahua tree (in month of Feb-Mar). 

Wild Dogs: They are commonly referred as Dholes. They belongs to Canidae family. They are commonly seen in packs with reddish brown body color, shorter legs with bushy tail and thicket muzzle in compare to Wolf and jackal., hunt in packs and have a very well  organized social life. Their larger packs may occasionally even take on large  carnivores like the tiger or leopard and force them to leave the site. When they are in group, other animals tries to avoid the place as they are known for their ruthless hunting practice in which they started consuming animals without waiting for their death. Their natural habitats are open woodland intersperset with meadow lands. They prefers dry deciduous and trophical dry forests. In Bandhavgarh, they are most commonly seen in Khitauli, Dhamokhar & Johila zones.

Hyaena: It belongs to the family of Hyaenidae and locallly called "Lakadbaghha". It normal body weight is 25-40 kg for male and 25-35kng for females. They are basically scavengers and their sighting is not so common. They are noctornal animal thus more active after sunset. Stripped Hyaena is large, shaggy, buff-coloured animal that looks like a candid in its first appearence. Their jaws are very powerfull with black coloured muzzle and throat. Its front legs are more developed than rear legs thus upper body part seems more powerful and back seems underdeveloped. As per they more active after sunset so we can experience their presence in night hours as they produces a noise resembling human laughter. They are more active in outskirts of jungle area that is referred as buffer zones like Panpatha, Dhamokhar, Johila. Their presence is often registered in adjoining villages of Khitauli zone forest like Salia Sihora village etc.

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