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Butterflies are considered to be one of the most beautiful & colorful creations of nature by many. During our safari drives, due to fast moving safari vehicle and strong desire for tiger sighting, we often ignore such tiny but magically beautiful creatures of nature. Even though they are such tiny creatures themselves but the amount of interest they generate in some of the wildlife lovers is huge. Around 110 species of butterflies have been identified in the park. Buterfly sighting can be observes only when we do their targetted sighting on feet. As their are small creatures so need our special attention to observe them from short distance. Here in Bandhavgarh forest, we can do lot of butterfly sighting by visiting local garden areas of good resorts, marshy lands, nearby areas of nullahs etc. Monsoon & winters is the best time for butterfly sighting in Bandhavgarh. Their are many marshy lands, water reservoirs, ponds etc. which are good for their sighting.
Some of the most commonly seen are the Plain Tiger (Danaus chrysippus), Common Wanderer (Pareronia valeria), Common Grass Yellow (Eurema hecabe), Common Crow (Euploea core), Leopard (Phalanta phalantha), Blue Pansy (Junonia orithya), Danaid Eggfly (Hypolimnas misppus) and the Common Rose (Pachliopta aristolochiae). Let us check some more information about commonly seen butterflies in this tiger reserve area.
Lime Butterfly (Papilio Demoleus): It is also called Lemon butterfly. These names are given to his due to their common presence of particular host plants of citrus species. It is tailless and has a wingspan of 80-100mm and a broad, irregular yellow band is found on the wings with black background of wings. At Bandhavgarh, we can easily find lemon trees on kitchen gardens thus it can be seen nearby such lemon trees.
The Plain Tiger (Danaus Chrysippus) : It is one of the commonest Indian butterflies, found throughout the plains. It flies in an undulating fashion and generally remains on wing for considerably long periods.
The Common Wanderer (Pareronia valeria): It is a medium sized butterfl yof the familyPierdae, that is, the Yellows and Whites. The Male ground-colour a clear pale blue of a much deeper tint than in <em>P. avatar</em>, Moore; all the veins defined with black. Fore wing: Costa broadly, apex and terminal margin very broadly black, this black on the tremens narrowed towards the tornus, and traversed by a transverse sub terminal series of bluish-white spots that are variable in number; the spot in interspaced 3 shifted inwards; sometimes the posterior two spots of the series are all but joined on to the streaks of the ground color between the veins. Hind wing: dorsal and costal margins broadly whitish: terminal margin broadly black, especially at apex, the black area covered, except at the tornus, with specialized opaque-looking scales.
Female: black; the markings bluish white. Fore wing: cell with two streaks, the anterior one from the extreme base, the posterior one from the end of the basal third, but extending beyond the anterior streak; below and beyond the cell is a series of streaks in the interspaces; though streaks very irregular in length, that in interspaced 1 the longest, angulated interiorly and divided longitudinally from near its base.
Common Grass Yellow (Eurema hecabe): It is a small <strong>pierid</strong> <strong> butterfly</strong>species found in Bandhavgarh. They are found flying close to the ground and are found in open grass and scrub habitats. It is simply known as "the grass yellow" in parts of its range; the general term otherwise refers to the entire genus Eurema.
Common Crow (Euploea core) : It is glossy brown with marginal and terminal white spots either equal or decreasing in size. FW much darker than HW with short band. HW marginal spots more prominent. Underside light brown with markings as above mostly and the brand in FW very conspicuous. Wingspan 80-95mm.
Common Leopard (Phalanta phalantha): It is a sun-loving butterfly of the Nymphalid or Brush-footed Butterfly family. The Common Leopard is a medium sized butterfly with a wingspan of 50-55 mm with a tawny colour and marked with black spots. The underside of the butterfly is more glossy than the upper and both the male and female are similar looking.
The Blue Pansy (Junonia orithya): It is a sun-loving butterfly of the Nymphalid or Brush-footed Butterfly family. The Common Leopard is a medium sized butterfly with a wingspan of 50-55 mm with a tawny colour and marked with black spots. The underside of the butterfly is more glossy than the upper and both the male and female are similar looking.
The Danaid Eggfly (Mimic Kypolimnas Misippus): It is a widespread species of nymphalid butterfly. It is well known for polymorphism and mimicry. Male: Upperside rich velvety dark brownish black. Fore wing: a broad oval oblique white spot from below vein 3 to vein 7, and a preapical smaller similar white spot; both spots crossed by black veins and surrounded by iridescent blue. Female - Polymorphic: Fore wing: the costa, the apical half of the wing and the termen black, the inner margin of this black area follows a line crossing the cell obliquely and curving round to near apex of interspace 1 a; a white spot beyond apex of cell; an oblique band of elongate white spots, a more transverse short subapical series of three or four much smaller hite spots, and an inner and an outer sub-terminal transverse series of very small slender white lunules.
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