Butterflies in Bandhavgarh

Location: Bandhavgarh National Park

Butterflies in Bandhavgarh

Description

Introduction

Butterflies are considered to be one of the most beautiful & colorful creations of nature by many. During our safari drives, due to fast moving safari vehicle and strong desire for tiger sighting, we often ignore such tiny but magically beautiful creatures of nature. Even though they are such tiny creatures themselves but the amount of interest they generate in some of the wildlife lovers is huge. Around 110 species of butterflies have been identified in the park. Buterfly sighting can be observes only when we do their targetted sighting on feet. As their are small creatures so need our special attention to observe them from short distance. Here in Bandhavgarh forest, we can do lot of butterfly sighting by visiting local garden areas of good resorts, marshy lands, nearby areas of nullahs etc. Monsoon & winters is the best time for butterfly sighting in Bandhavgarh. Their are many marshy lands, water reservoirs, ponds etc. which are good for their sighting.

Butterflies in Bandhavgarh

Some of the most commonly seen   are the Plain Tiger (Danaus chrysippus),  Common Wanderer (Pareronia   valeria), Common Grass Yellow (Eurema hecabe),  Common Crow (Euploea   core), Leopard (Phalanta phalantha), Blue Pansy (Junonia  orithya),   Danaid Eggfly (Hypolimnas misppus) and the Common Rose (Pachliopta    aristolochiae). Let us check some more information about commonly seen butterflies in this tiger reserve area.

Lime Butterfly (Papilio Demoleus): It is also called Lemon butterfly. These names are given to his due to their common presence of particular host plants of citrus species. It is tailless and has a wingspan of 80-100mm and a broad, irregular yellow band is found on the wings with black background of wings. At Bandhavgarh, we can easily find lemon trees on kitchen gardens thus it can be seen nearby such lemon trees.

The Plain Tiger (Danaus Chrysippus) : It is one of the commonest Indian  butterflies, found throughout the   plains. It flies in an undulating fashion and  generally remains on wing   for considerably long periods.

The Common Wanderer (Pareronia valeria): It is a medium sized butterfl yof the familyPierdae,   that is, the Yellows and  Whites. The Male ground-colour a clear pale   blue of a much deeper tint than in <em>P.  avatar</em>, Moore;  all the   veins defined with black. Fore wing: Costa broadly, apex and terminal    margin very broadly black, this black on the tremens narrowed towards   the  tornus, and traversed by a transverse sub terminal series of   bluish-white spots  that are variable in number; the spot in interspaced   3 shifted inwards;  sometimes the posterior two spots of the series are   all but joined on to the  streaks of the ground color between the   veins. Hind wing: dorsal and costal  margins broadly whitish: terminal   margin broadly black, especially at apex, the  black area covered,   except at the tornus, with specialized opaque-looking  scales.

Female: black; the markings bluish   white. Fore  wing: cell with two streaks, the anterior one from the   extreme base, the  posterior one from the end of the basal third, but   extending beyond the  anterior streak; below and beyond the cell is a   series of streaks in the  interspaces; though streaks very irregular in   length, that in interspaced 1 the  longest, angulated interiorly and   divided longitudinally from near its base.

Common Grass Yellow (Eurema hecabe): It is a small <strong>pierid</strong> <strong> butterfly</strong>species found in Bandhavgarh.  They are found flying close to the   ground and are found in open grass and scrub  habitats. It is simply   known as &quot;the grass yellow&quot; in parts of its  range; the general term   otherwise refers to the entire genus Eurema.

Common  Crow (Euploea core) : It is glossy    brown with marginal and terminal white spots either equal or   decreasing in  size. FW much darker than HW with short band. HW marginal   spots more prominent.  Underside light brown with markings as above   mostly and the brand in FW very  conspicuous. Wingspan 80-95mm.

Common Leopard (Phalanta   phalantha): It is a sun-loving butterfly of the Nymphalid or   Brush-footed Butterfly  family. The Common Leopard is a medium sized   butterfly with a wingspan of 50-55  mm with a tawny colour and marked   with black spots. The underside of the  butterfly is more glossy than   the upper and both the male and female are  similar looking.

The Blue Pansy (Junonia   orithya): It is a sun-loving butterfly of the Nymphalid or   Brush-footed Butterfly  family. The Common Leopard is a medium sized   butterfly with a wingspan of 50-55  mm with a tawny colour and marked   with black spots. The underside of the  butterfly is more glossy than   the upper and both the male and female are  similar looking.

The Danaid Eggfly (Mimic Kypolimnas Misippus): It is a widespread    species of nymphalid butterfly. It is well known for   polymorphism and mimicry. Male: Upperside rich velvety  dark brownish   black. Fore wing: a broad oval oblique white spot from below vein  3 to   vein 7, and a preapical smaller similar white spot; both spots crossed   by  black veins and surrounded by iridescent blue. Female - Polymorphic:   Fore wing:  the costa, the apical half of the wing and the termen   black, the inner margin of  this black area follows a line crossing the   cell obliquely and curving round to  near apex of interspace 1 a; a   white spot beyond apex of cell; an oblique band  of elongate white   spots, a more transverse short subapical series of three or  four much   smaller hite spots, and an inner and an outer sub-terminal transverse    series of very small slender white lunules.

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