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Mammals at Bandhavgarh

tigers of bandhavgarh national park IndiaTiger : Tiger - (panthera Tigeris 0 belongs to the genus panthera that includes four living species - leopard, jaguar, lion and obviously the tiger. Of the eight recognized subspecies of the animal, three are extinct and one is close to extinction. There are approximatley 6000 surviving wild tigers on the planet with over 50% belonging to the subspecies. Panthera tigris tigrios ( commonly known as Royal Bengal Tiger), which is distributed solely in the indian sub continent.
Aberration in pelage of the Royal Bengal Tiger are seen generally to vary from a yellowish orange to reddish orange coat with dark brown-black vertical stripes and spots. The white Tiger was first reportedly seen in the wild and captured by the Maharaja of Rewa in the 1950s.

Panther ( Panthera Pardus) - Known variously as the leopard, Tedua, and gulbhagh or just as the panther, this cat of an animal is all guide, patience, cunningness and sleuth. He would simply wait for ages for his chance and when the prey would be completely oblivious of his presence, he would pounce! Panther is not as big as the tiger and neither as powerful, but he is smart and he needs to be. To be able to share the same prey bas as the tiger, he needs all the guide and all the patience in th world. Although it selects relatively smaller prey and because of its strong prey - base overlap with the tiger, it tends to venture into forest periphery villages in search of small cattle like the goat, sheep and even poultry birds.

Unlike the tiger, the panther is a good climber and uses this advantage to get over its obvious disadvantage of size against the big brother. Its comparatively large tail helps in maintaining balance while climbing up or down. Usually active at dawn and dusk, it is rather shy and hence its sightings are less frequent in the jungle than the tiger's. But, its tendency to prefer peripheral wilderness, to avoid conflict with the tiger has compelled it to make frequent appearances on forest periphery settlements. This has resulted in increasing conflict with man as indicator of imminent threat to its survival and hence need for conservation measures aimed at peripheral wilderness.

sloth bear in Bandhavgarh national park India
Sloth Bear - The other big guy! lt has gained notoriety.because of human deaths ascribed to it. Actually this animal moves far and wide in search of food and may come in contact wiLh man. Sudden encounters are dangerous and the animal following its "flight or fight" instinct may attack and seriously injure or kill due to its obvious advantage of size, power and reflexes over the two footed weakling.

Ders Dre known to frequently kill bears, but only after long drawn- out duels. Usually solitary, it may be seen with young ones over its back especially during late winters. lt prefers to come Out mostly in the late evening and night. This quite unique animal has a strong sense of smell although sight and hearing are poor. lt uses the sucking action of its nuzzle to suck out insects, honey or termites from tree trunks, hives, riverbeds and termite mounds respectively. Its diet is varied although termites are a delicacy.The sloth bear is endemic to the Indian sub-continent and because of its notoriety of mauling humans and supposed curative properties of its gall bladder needs special conservation drives.
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